The beautiful island of Madeira, which belongs to Portugal was discovered in 1418 by the Portuguese Explorer Joao Goncalves Zarco as an uninhabited island 1000km’s from the Capital of Portugal Lisbon, and just 500 km’s off the coast of Morocco. It is recognized for its exceptional flora and fauna that exists throughout the entire island. The island is known as the “Island of Eternal Spring” and for centuries has been an important trading and commercial post for the Portuguese. Every year the island is filled with close to a million tourists who come from all over the world to come and explore the Madeira wineries, gardens and many landmarks sites. The capital of Madeira is Funchal and originally was colonized in the early 1420’s bringing settlers from Portugal, where the King of Portugal divided the island in half creating the Donatary Captain system meaning a modern-day viceroy who would control all aspects of the islands growth from taxation to municipal planing. The Capital is a beautiful Old European city that meets modern day flair with its exciting shops and various palaces and historical botanical gardens that scent the air with the constant smell of fresh flowers. The main exports for Madeira were sugar cane, wine, bananas and various tropical fruits during the 15th and 16th century with Madeira being one of the main regions where sugar was produced in mass quantities. The famous Madeira wine that has been a favourite amongst Europeans for centuries is also produced here on the island of Madeira most notably in Funchal. It is a popular tourist destination on the island to come and taste the various wines and admiring the vast green wineries that blend into the clear blue Atlantic. The annual spring flower festival hosted on the island every year is a beautiful sight filled with flowers every colour of the rainbow that are adorned all over the cities capital and carpeted throughout the streets with local dancers from every corner of the islands parish communities come to celebrate in this famous festival. Adults and Children alike are filled with a culture experience like no other, being exposed to all the unique flora and fauna that adorns this island and is celebrated and praised with music, dances and many local sweet treats. This is a must for anyone who wants to experience a unique culture filled fun time.